MESH—Memory Sharing: A Conceptual Memory Management System Tailored to the Visually Impaired

By Patrícia Carrion, Rafael Goncalves, Íris Carlota Dos Santos Arraes, Jéssika D'Angelo, Manuela Quaresma and Marcelo F. Pereira.

Published by The International Journal of Design in Society

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

It is apparent how digital technologies have provided new tools for memory monitoring, particularly the ones that rely on visual aspects. The concept of collective memory plays an essential role in human relationships, in which each individual is perpetuated through the knowledge transmitted from generation to generation. This paper emphasizes the importance of social networks as conducive tools to a more intimate relationship of users with their past and, within this scope, it advocates for the inclusion of the visually impaired. To this end, the following research questions were raised: What are the strategies adopted by the visually impaired to retain and retrieve memories? Which tools are used to store and share them? Are the tools available today for such purposes consistent with the strategies of these individuals? In order to answer such questions, in-depth interviews were conducted, along with participant observation. The researchers concluded that people with visual impairments primarily associated memories to places and events. With these findings, a conceptual interaction design called MESH, a memory management system, was developed, tailored to the needs of the visually impaired. Here, it was confirmed that a large market gap, especially when it comes to shared memories effectively between sighted and non-sighted individuals.

Keywords: Visually Impaired, Interaction Design, Digital Technologies

The International Journal of Design in Society, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp.11-22. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 855.732KB).

Patrícia Carrion

Master of Design Candidate, Arts & Design Department, Laboratory of Ergodesign and Usability Interfaces, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Patrícia Carrion is a Master of Design Candidate in Ergonomics, Usability and Human-Computer Interaction from Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro. She holds a Bachelor’s degree in Communications with concentration in Journalism from Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (2011), and a Graduate Specialization in Web Design from CCE/PUC-Rio (2013). Her research topics of interest include User-Centered Design, Human-Computer Interaction, Interaction and Digital Design, Internet and Multimedia Design.

Rafael Goncalves

Master of Design Candidate, Arts & Design Department, Laboratory of Ergodesign and Usability Interfaces, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Rafael Cirino Goncalves is a Master of Design Candidate in Ergonomics, Usability and Human-Computer Interaction from Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro. Bachelor in Design by the same institution, he worked an assistant researcher at LEUI/PUC for 3 years – where he got the prize for Best Assistant Researcher from the department in 2014. His main research topics are related to Automation, Driving behavior, Safety and Human-Machine Communication.

Íris Carlota Dos Santos Arraes

Master of Design Candidate, Arts & Design Department, Laboratory of Ergodesign and Usability Interfaces, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Íris Carlota Dos Santos Arraes is a Master of Design Candidate in Ergonomics, Usability and Human-Computer Interaction from Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro. Bachelor in Design by the same institution, she worked an assistant researcher at LEUI/PUC for a year – where she got the prize for Best Assistant Researcher from the CTHC (Humanities and Theological Center) in 2014 at PUC-Rio. Her main research topics are related to Design, Human factors, Design for Visual disability, Accessibility, Interaction.

Jéssika D'Angelo

Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Jéssika D’Angelo holds a Bachelor’s degree in Industrial Design from the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro. Her main research interests are User-Experience, Human-Computer Interaction, Digital Media Design and Technological Ubiquity.

Prof. Manuela Quaresma

Researcher, Professor, Arts & Design Department, Laboratory of Ergodesign and Usability Interfaces, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Manuela Quaresma is a Professor and researcher in the Arts & Design Department at the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro. She teaches in both undergraduate and graduate Design courses, focusing in human centered design. Her research topics of interest include ergodesign, user centered design, product and human-computer interaction usability, automotive design and ergonomics, and interaction design.

Dr. Marcelo F. Pereira

Researcher, Professor, Arts & Design Department, Art Electronics Laboratory, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Doctor Marcelo Fernandes Pereira is a university professor and researcher at Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro with digital media experience and focus on ubiquitous computing, mobile computing technologies and pervasive user interfaces. Presently, his research interest focus on the use of social networks and wearable technology as means to facilitate information and knowledge exchange.